The challenge of IoT software development
The Internet of Things (IoT) is changing the industry, business processes and software development (choosing whatever you like best) makes everyone bored. Networked devices have dominated the market in all estimates, and investments have generated good returns, consumers are happy, and businesses have grown faster than your waistline during the holidays.
Today, IoT software development is actually a minefield. The market needs high quality, scalable, powerful, secure and user friendly solutions. The IoT development team must re-evaluate its standard procedures to take all of the content into account. Reevaluating what “everything” means in the context of an IoT project?
There are still many problems to be solved in the development of Internet of Things software. Now, IoT companies should pay attention to details they have not considered before.
Issues that IoT developers need to consider
Due to strong demand, the competition between IoT startups and development companies is fierce. This and the lack of generally accepted standards allow programmers to continually search for new practices and updated protocols. Only a rigorous approach to each IoT software problem can lead to efficient development.
1) Operating system considerations
There are several technical factors that should be carefully considered before starting an IoT application development. First, the team must evaluate the IoT devices they will use. Unlike traditional desktops, IoT devices are powerful and have relatively small memory capacities. This means that developers must choose the appropriate operating system. It should be suitable for both the function of the device and its functional requirements.
The latest IoT developer survey shows that Linux is the preferred choice for IoT microcontrollers, restricted devices and gateways.
2) Select a gateway
on. Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, serial port, Zigbee and has various energy profiles. Gateways are located between connected devices, IoT sensors and the cloud, so the entire IoT ecosystem relies on them.
Tianbang Weiye Technology Network's self-developed IoT gateway has some common mandatory features that make developer development easier and ensure secure, private and reliable communication between devices.
3) Decide on the right IoT platform
Unskilled developers want to develop software from scratch. Why reinvent the wheel? This is where the IoT platform comes in handy because they provide a combination of tools to bring your physical objects online. The platform market is huge and confusing, so make sure you choose the platform you prefer wisely to consider the following factors:
D. Easy to integrate
However, IoT developers should be aware that platforms for smart factories may not be suitable for connecting cars or energy solutions. Some companies even choose to use the actual data in the production process to build a real test platform to determine the appropriate platform.
4) About safety, again
Have you heard of this IoT joke from Tim Kadlec?
“S in the Internet of Things stands for security.”
Yes, there is no "S" in the Internet of Things. By definition, IoT technology includes many connected devices, so hackers have multiple succulent targets to scan for vulnerabilities, and not all devices that form a network are fully penetrated. The entire system is threatened.
Gartner said that by 2020, 25% of all discovered corporate attacks will involve the Internet of Things, and only 10% of IT security budgets will be used to protect systems from these attacks.
For developers working on IoT projects, the number of cyber attacks will continue to increase, and security is a huge challenge. In the concept phase, the degree of protection depends to a large extent on the extent to which the company is prepared to invest in security expertise. To reduce the possibility of attacks and unauthorized access, use:
A. SSL / TLS encryption technology
B. Isolated VLA
C. Independent Enterprise VPN
D. Modern and updated anti-virus
E. End user and machine to machine identity
F. Audit framework for website development design adverbial clauses:
Enterprise security architectures using traditional protection and control methods should be updated yesterday to address the new challenges of today's Internet of Things. You have been warned.
5) Comprehensive control of quality
Quality assurance is another bidding point for IoT software. Because IoT devices are not only used for temperature control in warehouses, but also for insulin pumps, testing should be thorough. Literally, any small problem can become fatal.
Make sure to include security testing in the software development process from the start. To optimize the process, look for modules that do not need to be tested for each version. Look for protocols that have passed security testing and will remain the same for the next few releases.
In addition to security testing, you should ensure availability and compatibility. Providing technical support after the project is released is also a good phone call.
6) User-friendly design
Consumer IoT applications should be design driven and as simple as possible; No one wants to learn manuals to update smart watches (sorry, technical writers) User-friendly design is also important for industrial IoT startups because they should focus on data visualization and rapid decision making due to each device in the IoT workflow. Things and people are communicating with each other, and close cooperation between IoT developers and designers must ensure that:
A. Secure but easy authentication
B. Seamless transition between equipment and systems
C. User experience is personalized and based on behavioral patterns
D. Unified environment for the entire IoT system
7) Cross-platform deployment
The IoT ecosystem includes devices with different architectures, protocols, and operating systems. All of these variables should be combined and work seamlessly. As a result, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), and other reputable organizations have proposed open standards and architectural models for cross-platform deployment. They are constantly being updated, and IoT services should use these best practices to ensure interconnected communications.
Bottom line --
Despite the growth in the adoption of the Internet of Things in the past few years, there are still many problems to be solved in the development of IoT software. Now, IoT companies and startups should be aware of the details they have not considered before.
Adopting recognized IoT project standards will enable us to partially address some of the development challenges. In particular, we can improve the security of IoT applications and their cross-platform deployment. However, as the Internet of Things is a relatively new field, standards are still in progress. Some time passed until the IoT development community generally recognized them.